Venezuela, a Recent History: Introduction

Venezuela is a large country in the north of South America with a population of around 31 million.


Hugo Chavez become the President of Venezuela in 1998 after confidence in exsiting parties dissipated and led to the subsequent launch of a “Bolivian Revolution”, beginning with a 1999 Constituent Assembly to write a new Constitution of Venezuela. Chavez initiated the Bolivian missions aimed at improving the rights and conditions of the poor shortly thereafter.

Chavez had various political tests including nation-wide strikes and a recall referendum, however he was reelected in 2006 and then again in 2012 although he was never sworn in for his final term due to medical issues, he later died in 2013.

The country has a rich deposit of oil which in the early 20th century saw the country become a major financial player on the global stage.

There has also been widespread reports of corruption as well as the World Justice Project  ranking Venezuela 99th out of 99 countries surveyed in its 2014 Rule of Law Index.